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一个煤炭物流人眼中的“一带一路”
文章来源:供应链时代      作者:scmsc      时间:2015/4/8 13:41:08

国家发改委、外交部、商务部联合发布《推动共建丝绸之路经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路的愿景与行动》,并最终圈定18个省,新疆和福建被定为核心区域。这份“愿景与行动纲领”让“一带一路”国家战略终于落了地。

 

  国家发改委、外交部、商务部联合发布《推动共建丝绸之路经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路的愿景与行动》,并最终圈定18个省,新疆和福建被定为核心区域。这份“愿景与行动纲领”让“一带一路”国家战略终于落了地。

  与此同时,山西丰矿物流有限责任公司也将煤炭物流业务开进了新疆阿克苏。乘着这股春风,走上“一带一路”的奋进之路。

  无疑,“一带一路”是一个伟大的战略,试图通过合作投资推动周边国家的基础设施建设,支持装备制造业出去,进而推进国内产能过剩行业到资源富集、市场需求大的国家建立生产基地,推动消化国内的过剩产能。因此,“一带一路”将带给相关行业及企业巨大的发展机会,这其中也包括中小企业。

  中国推动的是包括欧亚大陆在内的世界各国,构建一个互惠互利的利益、命运和责任共同体,潜台词就是大家在一起好好合作、好好玩耍、好好过日子。

  以上的说法似乎太高大上了,距离我们中小企业遥不可及。那么换个角度,单从名字看,“一带一路”强调的就是“路”和“带”。它释放了一个信号,就是中国仍至世界,未来将更加重视物流,更加重视互联互通,所以,我们物流行业的机会来了。

  机会一:增强互联互通的能力

  交通与物流的互联互通是“一带一路”建设的关键。物流企业可以凭借自身产权明晰、机制灵活、纯商业化运作等优势,从市场策略出发,基于用户需求快速调整改变运营模式,快速成长,从而增强互联互通能力。

  机会二:物资的国际间流动必然给物流企业带来商机和“走出去”的契机

  “一带一路”首先要解决投资贸易便利化问题,拓展相互投资领域,推动新兴产业间的合作。这样的话,就必然会产生物资、资金的国际间流动,随之必然会给物流企业带来商机。

  机会三:有利于推进立体物流服务网络平台建设

  “一带一路”沿线国家多经济欠发达国家,物流资源多呈碎片化,尤其在物流服务网络及平台构筑上,越是欠发达国家越充满机遇。无论是物流服务网络,还是物流APP等移动客户端,都有广阔的发展空间。

  机会四:发力细分市场

  物流企业也可对特定客户群体推出专属的产品和相关服务,在细分市场上独树一帜,比如:可以面向华人群体构建虚拟网,提供种种附加服务;为优质的客户提供性能可靠的交易网络,同时还可将金融服务、管理式电子交易平台等服务打包集成,形成全套解决方案。

  “看着世界地图做企业,沿着一带一路走出去”,想想都美不胜收。但是,我们也不能笑得太早,因为我们将面临的挑战也是空前的。

  挑战一:管理效率不高,精细化程度不够

  曾经听过一种说法:从广州运送货物到北京的运费,比从中国运到美国的运费还要高。物流效率低下的原因,除了产业布局不合理导致商品需要长距离、大规模运输,以及企业供、产、销各环节衔接不科学而增加仓储成本外,另一个重要原因就是,需求与资源没有得到有效的整合与匹配。比如:找车找货的方式单一,浪费很多时间;往往是去了一个不熟悉的地方还要空车返回。

  挑战二:思维传统,缺乏创新性

  我国物流业的组织化、专业化、信息化程度低,物流企业多、小、散、弱的格局一直存在。特别在移动互联时代,对互联网经济尚未透彻的理解,缺乏创新能力和网络融合能力。

  挑战三:对相关的政策法律和信息缺乏了解

  信息不对称,免不了会吃亏上当。了解外部市场环境,熟悉国际通行规则和主要目标国法律法规,规范化运作,遵守当地法律,才能在国际市场上长久的生存,并可用法律武器来最终保护自己。中小企业缺乏国际市场调研和专业知识及人才。

  挑战四:可持续发展理念不足,把控风险能力不足

  中小企业“走出去”会遇到各种各样的障碍。比如:对当地环境了解不够,莽撞走出去,有时带一点冒险和侥幸心理。或是,可持续发展理念不足,往往是什么赚钱快做什么,而不是可持续的理念。

  政策所指,正是中小企业最大的商机所在。对外开放和思路有关系,和地理位置没关系。新“丝路” 有了,就看你有没有新“思路”。你的公司、你的行业,甚至你个人借着这“一带一路”,也将成了开放的前沿,有没有?

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