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冷链市场将迎来大发展的春天
文章来源:供应链时代      作者:scmsc      时间:2015/2/2 14:32:56

冷链物流泛指冷藏、冷冻类食品在生产、储藏、运输、销售等在消费前的各个环节中始终处于规定的低温环境下,以保证食品质量,减少食品损耗、防止污染的一项系统工程,其主要应用于农产品、食品、药品等领域。

  冷链物流泛指冷藏、冷冻类食品在生产、储藏、运输、销售等在消费前的各个环节中始终处于规定的低温环境下,以保证食品质量,减少食品损耗、防止污染的一项系统工程,其主要应用于农产品、食品、药品等领域。

  目前,我国每年约有4亿吨生鲜农产品进入流通领域,但超过20%的产品由于冷冻(藏)不到位,在运输过程中被浪费,损耗量居世界首位,导致食品物流成本约占到食品总成本的70%,远远高于国际标准。

  冷链市场格局及现状

  冷链物流使用范围广泛。水果、蔬菜、肉、禽、蛋、奶、花卉等初级农产品,速冻食品、包装熟食、冰淇淋、乳制品等加工食品,以及药品与烟草等特殊商品都适用。

  虽然,我国冷链初步形成了以公路为主,铁路、水路、航空等多种冷链运输方式共同发展的格局,在满足居民多层次消费需求和保障消费安全方面发挥了重要作用。

  但是,目前冷链市场还存在完整独立的食品冷链物流体系尚未成形;冷链的市场化程度很低,第三方介入很少;冷链的硬件设施建设不足、技术含量低;冷链缺乏上下游的整体规划和整合;技术标准不完善;冷链物流配套不协调、布局不合理;冷链物流与货物信息不对称等问题。从总体上看,我国冷链运输物流企业集中度不高,专业化服务能力不强,运输效率低、成本费用高等问题仍然比较突出。

  政策出台 为冷链市场保驾护航

  国家为了进一步促进我国冷链运输物流企业健康发展,提升冷链运输物流服务水平,提出了大力提升冷链运输规模化、集约化水平;加强冷链物流基础设施建设;完善冷链运输物流标准化体系;积极推进冷链运输物流信息化建设;大力发展共同配送等先进的配送组织模式;优化城市配送车辆通行管理措施;加强和改善行业监管;加大财税等政策支持力度;发挥行业协会作用等意见。

  面对着中国冷链物流市场尚处由基础物流服务向物流增值服务迈进的阶段,我们应该如何武装自己,强大行业呢?

  固然拥有政策的支持,使冷链行业的发展会进入到加速期。但是,目前中国消费者还没有足够的为生鲜冷链支付高价的意愿,市场急需培养消费者的冷链成本意识。而且,需要设备商、物流商、渠道商甚至是食品生产商的紧密合作,真正做到无缝衔接,使货品、客户渠道、物流商以及服务覆盖等各方面发生飞跃的是变化,产生新的增长热点。届时将真正的迎来冷链市场的春天。

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